If you own a home in a rural area of town, and you enjoy spending as much time as possible in your backyard, you may want to consider the addition of a fire pit to the property. Having your own fire pit is a great way to expand the hours you are able to withstand cooler temperatures, allowing you to remain in your yard longer as a result. Building a fire pit out of cement blocks is a fun project you should be able to do on your own. Here are some tips to use to construct a structure to contain a fire appropriately.
Materials You Will Need
- Measuring tape
- Crushed gravel
- Ready Mix Cement
- Wooden ruler or long stick
- Brick mold
- Cement glue
- Grate to fit top of structure
Choose The Exact Location
Decide where you will be placing your fire pit so it is located conveniently close to your home without being so close that it becomes a fire risk. Trim back any tree branches over the proposed location and make sure there are no power lines overhead. It is also important there are no underground propane wires, septic system piping, or a well system tank where you are planning on placing the pit.
Prepare The Fire Pit Floor
To construct a square pit, place four stakes in the ground at even intervals. Use your measuring tape to confirm the size. Connect each of the stakes to one another using twine. This twine will be used as a guide for the floor construction. Dig several inches of soil from the middle of this twine guideline. Pour gravel pieces inside the hole you had just made. Afterward pour some sand over the gravel pieces to help fill in any voids. Remove the stakes and twine and jump up and down on the gravel and sand to tamp it into place.
Make Your Own Cement Bricks
Follow the instructions regarding the ratio of water to cement on the ready mix cement packaging. Pour the powdered cement into a bucket and add the water. Mix with a wooden ruler or long, thick stick. Immediately pour the cement into a brick mold and let it harden. Remove the cement from the mold and set aside. This will need to be repeated several times until you have enough bricks to construct your fire pit.
Construct A Stable Structure
Place a line of cement bricks around each side of the square of gravel and sand. After the first layer is placed, step on the tops of the bricks to help push them into the ground. Apply cement glue to the tops of the bricks and place another row of bricks on top of the first row, centering each brick over the middles of where two bricks from the bottom tier come together. Continue this process for several rows until your pit is at your desired height. After the cement glue hardens, place a grate over the structure to help contain your fire.